Electric-assisted bikes and electric scooters: the rules

Alternative transport methods can be a good way to reduce our ecological footprint and thus contribute to the fight against climate change. With the many models on the market, however, it’s easy to get lost in the rules and laws that govern the licenses and equipment required.

You should know that the Highway Code separates electric-assisted bikes – E-bikes – and electric scooters into two different categories. The requirements for an electric scooter are much stiffer than those for an E-bike.

This latter must be equipped with functional pedals, and the motor must be limited to 500 watts and must not allow the E-bike to go faster than 32 km/h.

The E-bike doesn’t need to be licensed, and wearing a bike helmet is adequate. A minimum class 6D driver’s licence is required for youth aged 17 and under. From the age of 18, a driver’s licence is no longer required for riding an E-bike.

Requirements for an electric scooter are stricter. It must be insured with the Société de l’assurance automobile du Québec (SAAQ) to be ridden on the road. What’s more, a motorcycle helmet having the minimum DOT standard must be worn.

For the electric scooter, a class 5 driver’s licence (passenger vehicle) or class 6D (moped) is required.

On Le P’tit Train du Nord linear park – the bike path – E-bikes are allowed, but be careful because the speed limit is 22 km/h. Please note, however, that as on all of Québec’s bike paths, riding an electric scooter is illegal.

 For more information on the rules and regulations, see the website of the Société de l’assurance automobile du Québec at: saaq.gouv.qc.ca


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Éric Cadotte51 Posts

Agent aux relations communautaires du Service de police de Mont-Tremblant, Éric Cadotte collabore par le biais de chroniques avec plusieurs médias de la région, dont la radio Cime FM et la télévision communautaire TVCL. / As community relations agent for the Mont-Tremblant Police Department, Éric Cadotte works via written and spoken columns with several regional media outlets, including CIME FM radio and TVCL community television.


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